Calves in Tie-Stall

Tie-stall are usually used for small herds with less than one hundred cows and may be used as winter housing or all year round. Each cow is kept in place by either a chain, stanchion or rope tied around their neck; this is very restrictive to their behaviour. With a rope or chain the calves are only able to stand up and lie down. Many tethered animals are not given any daily exercise.